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11. Infinitives and –ing forms

 

Infinitives                                          to go, to break, to see

-ing forms (also called gerunds)        going, breaking, seeing

 

A, we can use both infinitives and –ing form. But –ing forms are more common.

 

            Smoking is bad for you. (more natural than, to smoke is bad for you’)

 

B, we can use infinitives to say why we do things

 

            I get up early to catch the 7.15 train.

 

After some verbs we use infinitives, after others we use –ing forms.

 

            I expect to pass my exams. (not I expect passing…)

            I will finish studying in June. (not I will finish to study…)

 

C, We can use infinitives after some adjectives and nouns.

 

            She is ready to leave

            I am glad to see you

            I have got work to do.

 

D, After prepositions we use –ing forms, not infinitives

 

            You can not live without eating (not …without to eat.)

            I usually watch TV before going to bed. (not … before to go to bed.)

 

E, infinitives often have, to’ before them, but not always

 

            I want to go home, but I can not go.                                   









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